Welcome to Pacific Electric Monograph's guide to significant dates in Pacific History.
August 15
In 1935, humorist Will Rogers and aviator Wiley Post were killed when their airplane crashed near Point Barrow, Alaska.
In 1943, U.S. troops landed on Kiska Island in the Aleutians.
In 1945, this day was proclaimed V-J Day by the Allies, a day after Japan agreed to surrender unconditionally, and coincided with the end of rationing of gasoline and canned goods. Two million people jammed New York's Times Square, and a huge throng held a riotous, middle-of-the-night celebration in London's Piccadilly Circus. The Japanese, who have never heard Hirohito's voice, prostrated themselves in front of radios and listened to his surrender message. Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki and his cabinet resigned. MacArthur directed the Japanese to fly peace emissaries to Manila. American and British carrier planes attacked airfields near Tokyo before the ceasefire. After the fighting stops, Halsey tells his pilots to protect Task Force 38 by shooting down all approaching Japanese planes, "not vindictively but in a friendly sort of way." Adm. Matome Ugaki, director of the kamikaze attacks at Okinawa, took off leading a flight of seven suicide planes, which are never seen again. The War Department announced 5 million men will be discharged from the armed forces during the coming year, including all men over age 38 and long-service veterans with 78 or more points. The war has cost 60 million-70 million lives, with the Soviets suffering the heaviest loss, 27 million. An estimated 15 million Chinese have died; 6.8 million Poles; 6 million Jews; 6.5 million Germans; 3.6 million Japanese; 600,000 Italians; and 450,000 British. More than 291,000 Americans have died for their country and 679,000 have received Purple Hearts for being wounded in action.
In 1947, India became independent after some 200 years of British rule.
In 1948, the Republic of Korea was proclaimed.
In 1974, South Korean President Park Chung-hee escaped an assassination attempt in which his wife was killed.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31

The Year at a Glance


Back to Pacific Electric Monograph. Send us your comments and additions.

These pages are always under construction. Links to other sites do not necessarily represent endorsement by Pacific Electric Monograph.
© 1998 Pacific Monograph