Welcome to Pacific Electric Monograph's guide to significant dates in Pacific History.
August 14
In 1848, the Oregon Territory was established.
In 1900, international forces - including U.S. Marines - entered Beijing to put down the Boxer Rebellion, which was aimed at purging China of foreigners.
In 1917, China declared war on Germany and Austria during World War I.
In 1945, President Truman announced that Japan had surrendered unconditionally, ending World War II. A tearful Emperor Hirohito ordered the Supreme War Council to "endure the unendurable." The capitulation came after an American message promised that Japan's royal house won't be abolished. The note said Hirohito will take orders from MacArthur, the Allied occupation commander, the way previous Japanese emperors took orders from shogun military dictators. Japanese diehards attempted to prolong the war by seizing Hirohito, but the palace guard foiled the plot and the leaders committed suicide. Even so, more than 800 Superfortresses attacked several cities near Tokyo. The 11th "Angels" Airborne division moved from the Philippines to Okinawa to lead the Japanese occupation. The Soviets routed the Japanese Kwangtung Army in Manchuria, took Mukden and occupied Sakhalin and the Kurile islands. The U.S. Navy cancelled $6 billion worth of war contracts.
In 1947, Pakistan became independent of British rule.
In 1973, the U.S. bombing of Cambodia came to a halt, marking the official end to 12 years of American combat in Indochina.
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The Year at a Glance


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