Welcome to Pacific Electric Monograph's guide to significant dates in Pacific History.
August 12
In 1898, the peace protocol ending the Spanish-American War was signed, and Hawaii was formally annexed to the United States.
In 1945, a fake United Press report that Japan has surrendered set off wild celebrations in the United States and Canada. UP makes an immediate retraction and offers a $5,000 reward for the culprit. A torpedo bomber scored a hit on battleship Pennsylvania near Okinawa, and cruisers Concord, Pensacola and Richmond bombard Matsuwa and Paramushiro in the Kuriles. Soviet amphibious and land forces occuppied several ports in North Korea, and fast-moving Red Army columns closed in on Harbin in Manchuria.In 1960, the first balloon satellite - the Echo I - was launched by the United States from Cape Canaveral.
In 1962, one day after launching Andrian Nikolayev into orbit, the Soviet Union also sent up cosmonaut Pavel Popovich; both men landed safely Aug. 15.
In 1972, the last American combat ground troops left Vietnam.
In 1977, the space shuttle Enterprise passed its first solo flight test by taking off atop a Boeing 747, separating, and then touching down in California's Mojave Desert.
In 1985, the world's worst single-aircraft disaster occurred as a crippled Japan Air Lines Boeing 747 on a domestic flight crashed into a mountain, killing 520 people.
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The Year at a Glance


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