Welcome to Pacific Electric Monograph's guide to significant dates in Pacific History.
August 8
In 1945, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan with hostilities to begin the next day. During the next two weeks, 1.5 million Soviets overwhelmed the Japanese Kwangtung Army and seize Manchuria, Port Arthur, the southern half of Sakhalin Island, the Kuriles and North Korea. The second atomic bombing of Japan was moved up two days because of a forecast of bad weather on Aug. 11. The primary target was Kokura, a center of heavy industry on Kyushu. The secondary target was Nagasaki. In America, Truman signed the United Nations charter, making the United States the first nation to join the new international peace organization.
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The Year at a Glance


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