Welcome to Pacific Electric Monograph's guide to significant dates in Pacific History.
August 6
In 1945, Superfortress Enola Gay, commanded by Col. Paul Tibbets, dropped the "Little Boy" A-bomb dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima, Japan - a seaport, industrial center and headquarters of the Japanese 2nd Army - in the first use of a nuclear weapon in warfare. The blast - equal to 12,700 tons of TNT - killed 92,000 people. Burns, radiation poisoning and other injuries later raised the death toll to 138,890. Of Hiroshima's 76,000 buildings, 70,000 were destroyed or damaged. Truman announced the bomb's devastation with the warning: "We are now prepared to obliterate more rapidly and completely every productive enterprise the Japanese have above ground in any city. If they do not now accept our terms, they may expect a rain of ruin from the air." Elsewhere, a Japanese plane sank submarine Bullhead near Java in the Dutch East Indies, the 52nd and last American sub to go down. Maj. Richard Bong, America's 40-victory ace-of-aces was killed at Burbank, Calif., while testing a P-80 jet fighter.
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The Year at a Glance


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