Welcome to Pacific Electric Monograph's guide to significant dates in Pacific History.
August 1
In 1894, the first Sino-Japanese War erupted, the result of a dispute over control of Korea; Japan's army routed the Chinese.
In 1940, the new Konoye goverment in Japan declared that the primary object of Japanese foreign policy was "the setting up of a new order in greater East Asia."
In 1945, scientists assembled "Little Boy," a 9,000-pound, uranium-235 fueled weapon to be dropped on Hiroshima by the Superfortress Enola Gay. Toyama, a city of 128,000 people northwest of Tokyo, was 99.5 percent destroyed after a firebombing by Superfortresses. Post-strike photos showed only a dark patch where the city used to be. American bombers also hit Kagoshima, Nagasaki and Sasebo on Kyushu and Hachioji, Kawasaki, Mito and Nagaoka on Honshu. Planes from the escort carrier Cabot pummeled Wake Island and battleships Pennsylvania and Tennessee used it for target practice.
In 1950, the 5th Regimental Combat Team deployed from Hawaii to Korea.
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The Year at a Glance


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