Welcome to Pacific Electric Monograph's guide to significant dates in Pacific History.
July 28
In 1821, Peru declared its independence from Spain.
In 1945, battleship Haruna, frequently reported sunk throughout the war, finally was. Battleship-carrier Ise, cruisers Aoba and Oyoda, a destroyer and eight other ships also were destroyed. Firebombing Superfortresses burned 75 percent of Ichinomiya, 64 percent of Aomori and 57 percent of Tsu, industrial cities on Honshu. A kamikaze sank American destroyer Callaghan in the East China Sea.
In 1959, in preparation for statehood, Hawaiians voted to send the first Chinese-American, Hiram L. Fong, to the U.S. Senate and the first Japanese-American, Daniel K. Inouye, to the U.S. House of Representatives.
In 1965, President Johnson announced he was increasing the number of American troops in South Vietnam from 75,000 to 125,000.
In 1976, an earthquake devastated northern China, killing at least 242,000 people, according to an official estimate. In China an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter scale completely destroyed the city of Tangshan. It resulted in the highest quake death toll in modern times -- at least 242,000 dead and 164,000 injured.
In 1985, Alain Garcia Perez was sworn in as the new president of Peru, succeeding Fernando Belaunde Terry - the first succession of one elected president by another in Peru in four decades.
In 1990, political newcomer and upset winner Alberto Fujimori was sworn in as president of Peru.
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The Year at a Glance


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