Welcome to Pacific Electric Monograph's guide to significant dates in Pacific History.
July 14
In 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry relayed to Japanese officials a letter from former President Fillmore, requesting trade relations.
In 1881, outlaw William H. Bonney Jr., alias ?Billy the Kid,? was shot and killed by Sheriff Pat Garrett in Fort Sumner, N.M.
In 1945, planes from 15 carriers of Task Force 38 inflicted massive damage on Japanese ships and ferries that carry war materiel and coal from Hokkaido, Japan's northernmost home island, to Honshu. Forty-three vessels are sunk, 41 damaged. Simultaneously, battleships Indiana, Massachusetts and South Dakota and cruisers Chicago and Quincy severely damaged the Japan Iron Works at Kamaishi, Honshu, in the first naval bombardment of a Japanese home island. Flying Tigers organizer Gen. Claire Chennault, commander of the 14th Air Force in China, announced his retirement.
In 1972, the State Department criticized actress Jane Fonda for making antiwar radio broadcasts in Hanoi, calling them "distressing."
In 1984, in New Zealand, David Lange and his leftist Labour Party swept to a landslide electoral victory.
In 1991, the river Yangtze in China flooded by the worst rains in a century.
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The Year at a Glance


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