Welcome to Pacific Electric Monograph's guide to significant dates in Pacific History.
July 13
In 1787, Congress enacted an ordinance governing the Northwest Territory.
In 1945, the Japanese Supreme War Council was appalled by a report on the war situation. Bombings have slashed steel and aircraft production by one-third; less than one million tons of merchant ships are still afloat but they're blockaded in port; there are nationwide fuel oil and gasoline shortages; rail and road tranport are near collapse. However, millions of civilians are preparing to battle the Americans with pitchforks, bamboo spears and muzzle-loading muskets. Peace feelers have been made to the United States through Moscow but have gotten no reaction. The Japanese don't know Stalin hasn't forwarded the peace messages because he has his own agenda: he wants to acquire Manchuria, Sakhalin, the Kurile Islands and other Japanese possessions. Chiang Kai-shek's forces retook Kanhsien, a B-29 base in south China, and closed in on another Superfortress airfield at Kweilin. Planes from four British escort carriers attacked Japanese bases on Sumatra and the Indian Ocean's Nicobar Islands as Italy declared war on Japan.
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The Year at a Glance


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